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The Pacific Northwest

The Pacific Northwest encompasses the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon. Where we live, in Eugene, is traditionally Kalapuya land. All across the Northwest, there is a long history of indigenous survival and resistance. The historic tribes of the PNW include: the Yakamas, Wanapams, Walulas, Umatillas, Wishrams, Teninos, Watlalas, Multnomahs, Kathlamets, and Wahkiakums, Tututni, Euchre Creek, Coos, Coquilles, Alsea, Siuslaw, Yaquina, and Siletz, Tillamook tribes of the Nestucca, Nehalem, Clatsop Chinook, Cowlitz, Nisqually, Puyallup, Snoqualmie, Chehalis, Skokomish, Swinomish, Tulalip, Nooksack, Lummi, Samish, Sauk-Suiattle, Stillaguamish, among many others. After the establishment of the states of Oregon and Washington, there are nine federally recognized tribes in Oregon, and over 29 federally recognized tribes in Washington. In Oregon, this includes: The Confederated tribes of Grand Ronde, The Confederated Tribes of Siletz, The Coquille Indian Tribe, The Klamath tribe, The Confederated tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw, The Cow Creek Band of Umpqua, and the Burns Paiute 

Offerings to Yemanya, Oregon Coast 2018.

tribe, the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, the Nez Perce on the Lapwai Reservation in Idaho, and the Modoc Nation of Oklahoma. In Washington, the Puget Sound Salish tribes including the Puyallup, Snohomish, Muckleshoot, Snoqualmie, Nisqually, Skagit, Suquamish, Squaxin, Swinomish, Stillaguamish, and Sauk-Suiattle tribes. The Pacific Northwest is almost 3,000 miles away from the Caribbean. In putting a call out for Caribbean Women Healers in the PNW, we learned about tradition keepers in Portland, Seattle and Eugene. We learned about a very small community of Cubans and Dominicans spread out across the region. Puerto Ricans are by far the largest Hispanophone Caribbean community in the PNW, many having roots that go as far back as the early 20thcentury, when their ancestors came to work in the Portland and Seattle ports. In 2017, Puerto Rico experienced a hurricane that dispersed its population across the Western hemisphere. The number of Puerto Ricans in our PNW community networks tripled in under a year. We interviewed an elder who migrated to the PNW from Miami, her parents having migrated from Cuba.